FIRE EXTINGUISHERS are categorized by rat- fire the extinguisher can put out. For example, a
ings. These ratings determine the size and type fire extinguisher rated 1-A:10-B:C can handle a
of fire that the extinguisher can successfully put 64-square-foot wood panel or a 25-square-foot
out. Fire can be divided into three categories: fire of flammable liquid (such as gasoline) or
A, B or C. A-type fires are primarily wood, paper electrical origin. In contrast, a fire extinguisher
and fabric. B-type fires are primarily flammable rated 3-A:40-B:C can handle a 144-square-foot
liquids such as gasoline and oil. C-type fires wood panel or a 100-square-foot fire of flam-are electrical. mable liquid or electrical origin.
The number preceding the A, B or C rating It’s another easy and convenient way to add
determines how big of a professionally set fire protection to a home.
TIPS & TRICKS
When using a fire extinguisher, think “PASS”: pull, aim, squeeze and sweep.
The National Fire Protection Association recommends installing smoke
alarms on every level of a home and in every bedroom. Smoke alarms should
also be installed in the main hallway outside each bedroom area. Check
local building codes for specific requirements. Fire extinguishers should be
installed on each living level, as well as in rooms that pose potential fire
hazards (e.g., kitchen, garage).
Take the following steps to maintain smoke alarms and fire extinguishers
once they are installed.
• Test your smoke alarms weekly and test your fire extinguisher by checking
the pressure gauge.
• Replace the battery in each smoke alarm at least once a year.
• Never remove the battery except when replacing it with a fresh battery.
• Clean the smoke alarm at least once a year.
• Follow the instructions in the product’s owner’s manual for specific instructions on how to install and maintain smoke alarms and fire extinguishers.
What to know about carbon monoxide
Carbon monoxide (CO) is an invisible, odorless gas. It is a common
byproduct of incomplete combustion, produced when fossil fuels (such as oil,
WAYS TO LOWER FIRE RISK
THE FOLLOWING FIRE safety checklist
will help you to lower the chances that
a fire may start in your home.
• Keep the furnace in working order.
• Use a fireplace screen.
• Have proper ventilation for heaters and
other small appliances.
• Do not smoke in bed.
• Use fuses that are the correct size.
• Don’t use worn-out electrical wiring or run
it under rugs or out windows or doors.
• Clear away refuse—the less clutter, the less
fuel a fire has to feed on.
By properly equipping your home with smoke
alarms and fire extinguishers, you’ll be taking
an important first step in improving total fire
protection for your family. A